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Implant dentistry

Osteogenic ability according to the decalcified modality of auto-tooth bone grafts in peri-implant defects in dogs.


PMID 25033347

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone generation capacity of the autotransplantation material with clinical and histological analyses after controlled acid treatment conditions. Bony defects were formed in the femur. Then, autotransplantation material was grafted after hydroxyapatite-coated implant placement. Experimental groups were classified according to the acid treatment method: 2% H2SO4 (group 1), 2% HCl (group 2), 2% HNO3 (group 3), or 2% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (group 4). The new bone formation area and bone-implant contact (BIC) of the autotransplantation materials were measured after 8 weeks. The new bone formation area in experimental groups 2, 3, and 4 were greater than that in the control group (no graft) and in experimental group 1 at 8 weeks, and the BIC of experimental group 4 was greater than that in the control group and in experimental group 1; these differences showed statistical significance (P < 0.05). Auto-tooth bone treated with EDTA resulted in more effective bone formation in dogs' femurs than bone treated with other solutions.