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Restorative neurology and neuroscience

Forced limb-use enhances brain plasticity through the cAMP/PKA/CREB signal transduction pathway after stroke in adult rats.


PMID 25035316

Abstract

The mechanism underlying forced limb-use -induced structural plasticity remains to be studied. We examined whether the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-mediated signal transduction pathway was involved in brain plasticity and promoted behavioral recovery induced by forced limb-use after stroke. Adult rats were divided into a sham group, an ischemia group, an ischemia group with forced limb-use, and an ischemia group with forced limb-use and infusion of N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide (H89). Forced limb-use began on post-stroke day 7. Biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was injected into the sensorimotor cortex on post-stroke day 14. Behavioral recovery was evaluated on post-stroke days 29 to 32, and the levels of cAMP, PKA C-α, phosphorylated CREB (pCREB), synaptophysin, PSD-95, BDA, and BrdU/NeuN were measured. The number of midline-crossing axons and the expression levels of synaptophysin and PSD-95 were increased after forced limb-use. Forced limb-use enhanced the survival of the newborn neurons and increased the levels of cAMP, PKA C-α and pCREB. These were significantly suppressed by H89. Behavioral performance improved with forced limb-use and was reversed with H89. Enhanced structural plasticity and the behavioral recovery promoted by post-stroke forced limb-use are suggested to be mediated through the cAMP/PKA/CREB signal transduction pathway.

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