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Journal of cardiology

Association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and the ratio of l-arginine to asymmetric dimethylarginine in patients undergoing coronary angiography.


PMID 25043133

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction causes vasomotor dysregulation and vascular stiffening in addition to structural changes. By influencing NO synthesis, deficiency of l-arginine relative to asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is an l-arginine derivative that acts as a competitive NO synthase inhibitor, may lead to the promotion of arterial stiffness. This study investigated the relationship between the l-arginine/ADMA ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an indicator of arterial stiffness. This cross-sectional study enrolled 74 patients (62 men, 12 women; mean age, 67±10 years) undergoing elective coronary angiography. A total of 54 (73%) patients had coronary artery disease. Serum l-arginine and ADMA were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. The ratio of l-arginine to ADMA and the serum l-arginine level was associated with baPWV in univariate regression analysis (l-arginine/ADMA ratio: β=-0.323, p=0.005; l-arginine: β=-0.247, p=0.034). In addition, baPWV was related to blood hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, brain natriuretic peptide level, symmetric dimethylarginine, renal function, blood pressure, and heart rate. In multivariate analysis, the l-arginine/ADMA ratio was a significant predictor of baPWV (β=-0.310, p<0.001). In subgroup analyses, the l-arginine/ADMA ratio was associated with baPWV in elderly patients (n=46, β=-0.359, p=0.004), and in younger patients (n=28, β=-0.412, p=0.006). A low l-arginine/ADMA ratio may be associated with high baPWV in patients undergoing coronary angiography.