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Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)

miR-200c modulates ovarian cancer cell metastasis potential by targeting zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) expression.


PMID 25052237

Abstract

This study was to investigate the effect of miR-200c on regulation of ovarian cancer cell metastasis potential and explore the underlying molecular events. qRT-PCR was used to analyze the level of miR-200c expression in 48 ovarian cancer and 30 normal ovarian tissue samples. pre-miR-200c was used to manipulate miR-200c expression in ovarian cancer cells for detection of changed phenotypes of tumor cells. Bioinformatics analysis was then used to predict target genes of miR-200c and GO and pathway analyses drew the miR-200c-related gene network. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed the target of miR-200c as ZEB2. Western blot was used to detect gene expressions in ovarian cancer cells. Level of miR-200c expression was much higher in ovarian cancer than in normal ovarian tissues, and miR-200c expression was inversely associated with advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis of ovarian cancer (p < 0.01). The database search predicted 186 miR-200c-targeting genes, and GO analysis showed that functions of these target genes were enriched in the protein binding and other biological processes. Furthermore, miR-200c expression inhibited ovarian cancer cell ES-2 migration and invasion capacity by suppression of ZEB2 expression (p < 0.01). Overexpression of miR-200c regulated E-cadherin and vimentin expression in ovarian cancer cells. This study demonstrated high miR-200c expression in ovarian cancer tissues and ZEB2 as a targeting gene of miR-200c, which mediated the effects of miR-200c on regulation of ovarian cancer cell migration and invasion capacity and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Thus, targeting of miR-200c or ZEB2 may serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for control of ovarian cancer.