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Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN

Effects of the anti-multiple sclerosis immunomodulator laquinimod on anxiety and depression in rodent behavioral models.


PMID 25064496

Abstract

Laquinimod is a novel oral immunomodulatory drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Considering the frequent co-morbidity of MS with anxiety and depression, we sought to assess the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of laquinimod in mouse models. Laquinimod (0.5-25 mg/kg), fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) or vehicle were administered for 4-14 days to adult Balb/c mice, followed by behavioral tests and brain BDNF analysis. Following a 4-day administration of laquinimod (5 and 25 mg/kg), an increase in motivated behavior was observed in the forced swim test (p < 0.01 vs. controls). In the open field test, laquinimod (0.5-5 mg/kg), but not fluoxetine, significantly increased motility (p < 0.05), whereas both decreased anxiety behavior (p < 0.01), evident only for laquinimod (5 mg/kg) in the elevated plus maze (p < 0.05). Following 7 days of administration, both drugs decreased anxiety behavior in the elevated plus maze and marble burying tests (p < 0.001 and p < 0.02, respectively). After 14 days, only laquinimod (5 mg/kg) demonstrated anxiolytic efficacy in the open field test (p < 0.05), with evidence of increased BDNF in response to 5-25 mg/kg in the hippocampus, but not frontal cortex (p < 0.05). In conclusion, laquinimod may possess anxiolytic and antidepressant effects, possibly associated with hippocampal BDNF increase, offering promise for MS patients suffering from psychiatric co-morbidity.