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Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]

Curcumin inhibits monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression and enhances cholesterol efflux by suppressing the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway in macrophage.


PMID 25064633

Abstract

To investigate the effect of curcumin on monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) production and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in macrophage induced by oxidation low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), and to identify the signal pathways involved. The macrophages were treated with ox-LDL and various concentrations of curcumin simultaneously. The MCP-1 expression was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The apoAI-mediated cholesterol efflux was measured by (3)H-cholesterol-labeled counting radioactivity. The activation of intracellular signaling pathways was studied by Western blotting. Curcumin decreased the production of MCP-1 induced by ox-LDL in macrophages. MCP-1 expression was restrained by the inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway (SP600125) and NF-κB pathway (BAY11-7082). Curcumin suppressed the phosphorylation of JNK and activation of NF-κB. Curcumin also enhanced RCT via up-regulating the expression of liver X receptor alpha (LXRα), ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI). Additionally, the inhibition of JNK (SP600125) increased cholesterol efflux and increased the expression of ABCA1 and SR-BI, but had no effect on LXRα. Curcumin suppresses MCP-1 production induced by ox-LDL via the JNK pathway and NK-κB pathway, while enhances cholesterol efflux in macrophage via suppressing the JNK pathway and activating the LXR-ABCA1/SR-BI pathway, which indicate that the vascular protective effect of curcumin is related to anti-inflammation and anti-atherosclerosis.