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Heart, lung & circulation

Correlation between comprehensive evaluation of coronary artery lesion severity and long-term clinical outcomes in Chinese octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome.


PMID 25070683

Abstract

There is little known about long-term outcome data regarding acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Chinese octogenarians (> 80 years old). Long-term outcomes of octogenarians with ACS may be associated with increased complicated coronary artery lesion severity. We classified 536 consecutive octogenarians with ACS into four groups based on Gensini score. Survival and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression was used to identify mortality predictors. The follow-up period was 27 (IQR15-36) months. The overall long-term mortality rate was 9.1% and increased from 3.0% in group 1 to 16.7% in group 4. Increasing coronary artery lesion severity was associated with increased long-term mortality and MACE rates. ROC curve analysis showed that the predictive cut-off value of Gensini score for mortality was 53. Gensini score provided significant reclassification of mortality (net reclassification index 0.195, P<0.01). Age, gender, heart rate, SBP, chronic renal failure, e-GFR, GRACE score, Gensini score, and ACS type were different between surviving and deceased patients. Notably, chronic renal failure (OR=2.55, P=0.036), GRACE score (OR=1.10, P=0.006), and Gensini score(OR=1.11, P=0.003) were the independent predictors of long-term mortality. Long-term mortality of octogenarians with ACS was associated with increased comprehensive coronary artery lesion severity. Gensini score was an effective parameter for evaluation of long-term mortality.