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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Enhanced osteogenesis of bone morphology protein-2 in 2-N,6-O-sulfated chitosan immobilized PLGA scaffolds.


PMID 25084565

Abstract

By using 2-N,6-O-sulfated chitosan (26SCS) immobilized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) scaffolds, our system achieved controlled release and improved bioactivity of recombinant human bone morphology protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Initially aminolyzed by ethylenediamine, PLGA scaffolds surface was immobilized with 26SCS via electrostatic assembly. Upon the presence of 26SCS, the system displayed improved rhBMP-2 adsorption and prolonged release process in vitro due to the high affinity of rhBMP-2 with 26SCS. On the other hand, because of incorporation of 26SCS, the system appeared to be more hydrophilic and provided a better environment for cells attachment. Moreover, 26SCS enhanced the binding efficiency between rhBMP-2 and its receptors as well as alkaline phosphatase activity. Our study highlights 26SCS immobilized PLGA scaffolds may be excellent candidates for use in bone tissue engineering.