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Journal of leukocyte biology

Liver metastases induce reversible hepatic B cell dysfunction mediated by Gr-1+CD11b+ myeloid cells.


PMID 25085111

Abstract

LM escape immune surveillance, in part, as a result of the expansion of CD11b+MC, which alter the intrahepatic microenvironment to promote tumor tolerance. HBC make up a significant proportion of liver lymphocytes and appear to delay tumor progression; however, their significance in the setting of LM is poorly defined. Therefore, we characterized HBC and HBC/CD11b+MC interactions using a murine model of LM. Tumor-bearing livers showed a trend toward elevated absolute numbers of CD19+ HBC. A significant increase in the frequency of IgM(lo)IgD(hi) mature HBC was observed in mice with LM compared with normal mice. HBC derived from tumor-bearing mice demonstrated increased proliferation in response to TLR and BCR stimulation ex vivo compared with HBC from normal livers. HBC from tumor-bearing livers exhibited significant down-regulation of CD80 and were impaired in inducing CD4(+) T cell proliferation ex vivo. We implicated hepatic CD11b+MC as mediators of CD80 down-modulation on HBC ex vivo via a CD11b-dependent mechanism that required cell-to-cell contact and STAT3 activity. Therefore, CD11b+MC may compromise the ability of HBC to promote T cell activation in the setting of LM as a result of diminished expression of CD80. Cross-talk between CD11b+MC and HBC may be an important component of LM-induced immunosuppression.