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Oncology reports

Broussonetia kazinoki modulates the expression of VEGFR-2 and MMP-2 through the inhibition of ERK, Akt and p70S6K‑dependent signaling pathways: Its implication in endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tubular formation.


PMID 25109823

Abstract

Broussonetia kazinoki (BK) has been used as a traditional medicine to improve vision, as well as for inflammatory and infectious diseases. In the present study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanism of the ethanolic extract of BK on cell proliferation, migration and tubular formation in vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A)-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells. BK treatment inhibited VEGF-A-stimulated endothelial cell proliferation through the downregulation of cell cycle-related proteins including cyclin-dependent kinases and cyclins. Moreover, BK treatment suppressed cell migration and tubular formation in response to VEGF-A. These anti-angiogenic activities of BK were associated with the inactivation of mitogenic signaling pathways including extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Akt and p70S6K, and the subsequent downregulation of VEGFR-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-2. Taken together, these findings suggest further evaluation and development of BK as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment and prevention of angiogenesis-related diseases including cancer.

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