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Synthesis and in vitro pharmacological evaluation of novel 2-hydroxypropyl-4-arylpiperazine derivatives as serotoninergic ligands.


PMID 25113046

Abstract

This paper reports the synthesis of new norbornene and exo-N-hydroxy-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,3-dicarboximide derivatives and their binding to the 5-HT1A , 5-HT2A , and 5-HT2C receptors, in order to identify selective ligands for these 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonine) receptor subtypes. The combination of structural elements (heterocyclic nucleus, hydroxyalkyl chain, and 4-substituted piperazine) known to be critical for affinity to 5-HT1A receptors and the proper selection of substituents led to compounds with high specificity and affinity toward serotoninergic receptors. The most active compounds were selected and further evaluated for their binding affinities to D1 , D2 dopaminergic and α1 , α2 adrenergic receptors. 4-[3-[4-(2-Furoyl)piperazin-1-yl]propoxy-2-ol]-4-aza-tricyclo[5.2.1.02,6]dec-8-ene-3,5-dione 3e with Ki  = 5.04 ± 0.227 nM was the most active and selective derivative for the 5-HT2C receptor with respect to other serotonin receptors, and the most selective derivative versus dopaminergic and adrenergic receptors.

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S7395
Spiperone, solid
C23H26FN3O2