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International immunopharmacology

Potential protection of vitamin C against liver-lesioned mice.


PMID 25116224

Abstract

Pathologically, liver injury can result from sustained trauma to hepatocytes, including acute damage. Thus, attenuation of hepatocellular lesion may help improve liver functions. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential advantages of vitamin C (VC) intake on acutely intralesional liver in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-exposed mice. Here our data showed that VC supplementation contributed to ameliorated vital signs of CCl4-lesioned mice, resulting in dose-dependent reduction of hepatomegaly. VC lowered the levels of liver functional enzymes including alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (AST) in serum, while concentration of lactic acid concentration in blood plasma was decreased. VC-administered CCl4-lesioned mice manifested increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), while the malondialdehyde (MDA) content was reduced in liver tissue. Moreover, VC consumption attenuated hepatotoxic injuries of CCl4-lesioned mice, in which the number of TNF-α positive cells was dose-dependently reduced. Furthermore, intrahepatic expression of TRL-4 mRNA, a vital inflammation-regulator, was down-regulated in VC-administered mice. Overall, we conclude that VC has the potentiality of anti-hepatotoxicity that is capable of ameliorating liver functions, speculating that therapeutic mechanism relates to normalizing metabolism and blocking inflammatory stress in the liver.