EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Molecular immunology

ISA virus regulates the generation of reactive oxygen species and p47phox expression in a p38 MAPK-dependent manner in Salmo salar.


PMID 25124144

Abstract

Several viruses, including Orthomyxovirus, utilize cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) for viral genomic replication and survival within host cells. However, the role of ROS in early events of viral entry and signal induction has not been elucidated. Here, we show that ISA virus (ISAV) induces ROS production very early during infection of CHSE-214 and SHK-1Ycells, and that production is sustained over the observed 24h post-infection. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family is responsible for important signaling pathways. In this study, we report that ISAV activates ERK and p38 in Salmo salar. In salmonid macrophages, while ERK was required for SOD, GLURED, p47phox expression, p38 regulated the ROS production by the NADPH oxidase complex activation. These results, together with the presence of several consensus target motifs for p38 MAPK in the promoter of the S. salar p47phox gene, suggest that p38 MAPK regulates p47phox gene expression in fish through the activation of this key transcription factor.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

A10809
4′-Hydroxy-3′-methoxyacetophenone, 98%
C9H10O3
W508454
Acetovanillone, ≥98%, FG
C9H10O3