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Atherosclerosis

PCSK9 levels in abdominally obese men: association with cardiometabolic risk profile and effects of a one-year lifestyle modification program.


PMID 25128757

Abstract

Studies performed in rodents have suggested a role for proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) in insulin resistance and impaired body fat distribution. Our objective was to examine the relationships between markers of adiposity and insulin resistance and plasma PCSK9 levels in humans. In addition, we explored the effect of a one-year lifestyle modification program on plasma PCSK9 levels in abdominally obese, dyslipidemic men. Plasma PCSK9 levels were measured by ELISA in 175 abdominally obese, dyslipidemic sedentary men. Of these abdominally obese men, 117 non-diabetic individuals completed a one-year lifestyle modification program aiming at increasing cardiorespiratory fitness levels and improving nutritional quality. We found no association between plasma PCSK9 levels and body mass index, waist circumference, fat and fat-free mass, or visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue measured by computed tomography. Compared to men with the lowest PCSK9 levels (bottom tertile), those with the highest PCSK9 levels (top tertile) had the most detrimental lipoprotein-lipid profile including lower LDL particle size (253.6xa0±xa04.0 vs. 251.6xa0±xa04.0xa0Å, pxa0

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