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International journal of pharmaceutics

Liposome-based co-delivery of siRNA and docetaxel for the synergistic treatment of lung cancer.


PMID 25138252

Abstract

Combination of more than one therapeutic strategy is the standard treatment in clinics. Co-delivery of chemotherapeutic drug and small interfering RNA (siRNA) within a nanoparticulate system will suppress the tumor growth. In the present study, docetaxel (DTX) and BCL-2 siRNA was incorporated in a PEGylated liposome to systemically deliver in a lung cancer model (A549). The resulting nanoparticle (lipo-DTX/siRNA) was stable and exhibited a sustained release profile. The co-delivery of therapeutic moieties inhibited the cell proliferation (A549 and H226) in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, the co-delivery system of DTX and siRNA exhibited a remarkable apoptosis of cancer cells with elevated levels of caspase 3/7 activity (apoptosis markers). Cell cycle analysis further showed remarkable increase in sub-G0/G1 phase, indicating increasing hypodiploids or apoptotic cells. Pharmacokinetic study showed a long circulating profile for DTX from lipo-DTX/siRNA system facilitating the passive tumor targeting. In vivo antitumor study on A549 cell bearing xenograft tumor model exhibited a remarkable tumor regression profile for lipo-DTX/siRNA with 100% survival rate. The favorable tumor inhibition response was attributed to the synergistic effect of DTX potency and MDR reversing ability of BCL-2 siRNA in the tumor mass. Overall, experimental results suggest that co-delivery of DTX and siRNA could be promising approach in the treatment of lung cancers.