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Cell proliferation

JLK1486, a N,N-[(8-hydroxyquinoline)methyl]-substituted benzylamine analogue, inhibits melanoma proliferation and induces autophagy.


PMID 25139616

Abstract

To investigate anti-proliferatory activity of a selected N,N-[(8-hydroxyquinoline)methyl]-substituted benzylamine (JLK1486) on melanoma cells and to characterize its mechanism of cell population growth inhibition. In vitro cultures of B16F10 (mouse melanoma) cells were used as a model to characterize anti-proliferatory activity of JLK1486 using MTT growth assay, trypan blue viability assessment, cell cycle analysis, melanin production, β-galactosidase and acridine orange staining. Proliferating B16F10 and also MeWo (human melanoma) cells were strongly growth inhibited by JLK1486, displaying IC50 values of 196 nm and 110 nm respectively. Anti-proliferatory effects were independent of cell death and were characterized by a distinct accumulation of cells in G0 /G1 phase. Tyrosinase activity and relative melanin content remained unchanged indicating that the anti-proliferatory activity was not due to phenotype differentiation. Although treated B16F10 cells stained strongly positive for senescence marker β-galactosidase, cells regained near normal proliferatory activity after removal of JLK1486. Increased acridine orange staining and presence of perinuclear vacuoles suggested induction of autophagy in B16F10 cells. Furthermore, JLK1486 pre-treatment completely abolished melphalan and antimycin A-induced apoptosis. JLK1486 provides a promising chemical scaffold to develop new anti-melanoma drugs or combination therapies, due to its potent inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of autophagy, at pharmacologically relevant concentrations.