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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Binding kinetics, potency, and selectivity of the hepatitis C virus NS3 protease inhibitors GS-9256 and vedroprevir.


PMID 25139683

Abstract

GS-9256 and vedroprevir are inhibitors of the hepatitis C virus NS3 protease enzyme, an important drug target. The potency, selectivity, and binding kinetics of the two compounds were determined using in vitro biochemical assays. Potency of the compounds against NS3 protease and selectivity against a panel of mammalian proteases were determined through steady-state enzyme kinetics. Binding kinetics were determined using stopped-flow techniques. Dissociation rates were measured using dilution methods. GS-9256 and vedroprevir had measured Ki values of 89 pM and 410 pM, respectively, against genotype 1b NS3 protease; Ki values were higher against genotype 2a (2.8 nM and 39 nM) and genotype 3 proteases (104 nM and 319 nM) for GS-9256 and vedroprevir, respectively. Selectivity of GS-9256 and vedroprevir was >10,000-fold against all tested off-target proteases. Association rate constants of 4×10(5)M(-1)s(-1) and 1×10(6)M(-1)s(-1), respectively, were measured, and dissociation rate constants of 4.8×10(-5)s(-1) and 2.6×10(-4)s(-1) were determined. GS-9256 and vedroprevir are potent inhibitors of NS3 protease with high selectivity against off-target proteases. They have rapid association kinetics and slow dissociation kinetics. The NS3 protease is a key drug target for the treatment of hepatitis C. The potency, selectivity, and binding kinetics of GS-9256 and vedroprevir constitute a biochemical profile that supports the evaluation of these compounds in combination with other direct-acting antivirals in clinical trials for hepatitis C.