International journal of hyperthermia : the official journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology, North American Hyperthermia Group

Differential response of MCF7, MDA-MB-231, and MCF 10A cells to hyperthermia, silver nanoparticles and silver nanoparticle-induced photothermal therapy.

PMID 25144821


Silver nanoparticles (Ag NP) can generate heat upon exposure to infrared light. The in vitro response of breast cell lines to Ag NP, both with and without nanoparticle-induced heating was evaluated. Ag NP heat generation, intracellular silver concentration, and cell viability of MDA-MB-231, MCF7, and MCF 10A breast cells with Ag NP alone, or after exposure to 0.79 or 2.94 W/cm2 of 800 nm light were evaluated. The concentration of Ag NP to induce sufficient heat for cell death, upon exposure to 800 nm light, was 5-250 μg/mL. Clonogenics assay indicates a cytotoxic response of MCF7 (45% decrease) and MDA-MB-231 (80% decrease) cells to 10 µg/mL, whereas MCF 10A had a 25% increase. Without Ag NP, MDA-MB-231 cells were more susceptible to hyperthermia, compared to MCF7 and MCF 10A cells. Clonogenics assay of Ag NP-induced photothermal ablation demonstrated that MCF 10A cells have the highest survival fraction. MCF7 cells had more silver in the cytoplasm, MDA-MB-231 cells had more in the nuclei, and MCF 10A cells had equivalent concentrations in the cytoplasm and nuclei. Ag NP are effective photothermal agents. A secondary benefit is the differential response of breast cancer cells to Ag NP-induced hyperthermia, due to increased intracellular silver content, compared to non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells.