American journal of ophthalmology

Dynamic vaulting changes in V4c versus V4 posterior chamber phakic lenses under differing lighting conditions.

PMID 25149911


To compare vaulting changes in eyes implanted with V4c and V4 implantable collamer lenses (ICLs) under differing lighting conditions. Noninterventional, cross-sectional comparative observational case series. Fifty-six eyes of 38 patients implanted with V4c ICLs, and 54 eyes of 28 patients implanted with V4 ICLs were enrolled and analyzed. Anterior chamber depth, pupil size and postoperative vaulting were evaluated using a Visante optical coherence tomography system under photopic and mesopic conditions 1 month postoperatively. Refractive errors, keratometry values, axial lengths, intraocular pressures, anterior chamber volumes, and central corneal thicknesses were also recorded. No significant differences were noted in anterior chamber depth between photopic and mesopic conditions in either group. Significant decreases in vaulting and pupil size were detected under photopic conditions in both groups. Moreover, vaulting changes in eyes implanted with V4c ICLs were significantly larger than those in eyes implanted with V4 ICLs. V4c ICL vaulting decreased more prominently under photopic conditions than did V4 ICL vaulting. Therefore, postoperative vaulting under mesopic and photopic conditions should be considered when interpreting the vaulting of eyes implanted with V4c ICLs.