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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Cytohesin-associated scaffolding protein (CASP) is a substrate for granzyme B and ubiquitination.


PMID 25159843

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells are a sub-population of cytotoxic lymphocytes that can kill tumor or infected cells without prior exposure, by secreting the contents of preformed cytotoxic vesicles, containing perforin and granzymes, at the immune synapse. Cytohesin-associated scaffolding protein (CASP) is an adaptor molecule uniquely expressed in lymphocytes that forms complexes with both vesicle-initiating and sorting proteins, and has roles in NK cell migration, cytotoxicity, and cytokine secretion. In this study, we show that CASP contains a conserved granzyme B cleavage site that could modify its intracellular localization and interaction with sorting nexin 27. We also provide evidence that CASP is modified by ubiquitination. Both of these post-translational modifications could rapidly modify CASP function and highlight the dynamic regulatory mechanisms that direct its role in NK cell functions.

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