EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells inhibit the differentiation of circulating T follicular helper cells in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome through the secretion of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase.


PMID 25169988

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) on circulating T follicular helper (cTfh) cells in primary SS (pSS) patients. The percentage of CXCR5(+)PD-1(+)CD4(+) T cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was analysed by flow cytometry. PBMCs were co-cultured with UC-MSCs by cell-to-cell contact or in a trans-well system. Naive CD4(+) T cells were isolated from PBMCs and then co-cultured with UC-MSCs under Tfh cell-polarizing conditions. The percentage of CXCR5(+)PD-1(+)CD4(+) T cells, carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) fluorescence intensity and annexin V were determined by flow cytometric analysis. Real-time PCR and Luminex cytokine assay were performed to detect mRNA expression and supernatant protein levels. The activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) was measured by HPLC. Increased frequency of cTfh cells was found in pSS patients and was positively correlated with serum anti-La/SSB levels and the European League Against Rheumatism SS Disease Activity Index score. In vitro, UC-MSCs suppressed the differentiation and proliferation of cTfh cells. Real-time PCR analysis showed significantly higher IDO mRNA expression on UC-MSCs when co-cultured with naive CD4(+) T cells under Tfh cell-polarizing conditions in pSS patients. However, IDO mRNA expression on UC-MSCs was only a little higher when UC-MSCs were co-cultured with naive CD4(+) T cells in a trans-well system. In addition, HPLC showed increased IDO enzymic activity in the supernatant of UC-MSCs co-cultured with naive CD4(+) T cells under Tfh cell-polarizing conditions in pSS. The addition of the IDO inhibitor 1-MT partly reversed the suppressive effect of UC-MSCs on the differentiation of cTfh cells. These results suggest an inhibitory effect of UC-MSCs on the differentiation of cTfh cells via the secretion of IDO, and soluble factors secreted by activated CD4(+) T cells might contribute to IDO secretion by UC-MSCs.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

860646
1-Methyl-DL-tryptophan, 97%
C12H14N2O2