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Anesthesiology

Cannabinoid receptor type 1 antagonist, AM251, attenuates mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia after burn injury.


PMID 25188001

Abstract

Burn injury causes nociceptive behaviors, and inflammation-related pathologic pain can lead to glial cell activation. This study tested the hypothesis that burn injury activates glial cells, and cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) antagonist, AM251, will decrease burn pain. Anesthetized rats received 0.75-cm third-degree burn on dorsal hind paw. Vehicle or AM251 30 μg intrathecally (older rats, n=6 per group) or, either vehicle, 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally (younger rats, n=6 per group), started immediate postburn, was administered for 7 days. Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were tested on ventral paw for 14 days. Microglial and astroglial activity was assessed by immunocytochemistry. Allodynia, observed on burn side from day 1 to 14, was significantly (P<0.05) attenuated by intrathecal and intraperitoneal AM251 (1 mg/kg) starting from 3 to 14 days. Hyperalgesia, observed from day 3 to 12, was completely (P<0.05) reversed by intrathecal and intraperitoneal AM251 (1 mg/kg). AM251 0.1 mg/kg had no effect. Microglial activity (n=3 per time point) increased (P<0.05) 18.5±7.5 and 12.3±1.6 (mean±SD) fold at 7 and 14 days, respectively. Astroglial activity (n=4 per time point) increased 2.9±0.3 fold at day 7 only. Glial activities were unaltered by AM251. AM251 inhibited nociceptive behaviors after burn even beyond 7-day period of administration. Although many studies have documented the utility of CB1R agonists, this study indicates that endogenous cannabinoids may have an unexpected pronociceptive effect during development of burn pain, explaining why CB1R antagonist, AM251, improves nociceptive behaviors. The decreased nociception with AM251 without altering glial activity indicates that AM251 acts further downstream of activated glial cells.

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A6226
AM251, >98% (HPLC), solid
C22H21N4OCl2I