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Cellular oncology (Dordrecht)

BMP9 regulates cross-talk between breast cancer cells and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.


PMID 25209393

Abstract

Breast cancer cells frequently metastasize to distant organs, including bone. Interactions between breast cancer cells and the bone microenvironment are known to enhance tumor growth and osteolytic damage. Here we investigated whether BMP9 (a secretary protein) may change the bone microenvironment and, by doing so, regulate the cross-talk between breast cancer cells and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. After establishing a co-culture system composed of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and HS-5 bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, and exposure of this system to BMP9 conditioned media, we assessed putative changes in migration and invasion capacities of MDA-MB-231 cells and concomitant changes in osteogenic marker expression in HS-5 cells and metastases-related genes in MDA-MB-231 cells. We found that BMP9 can inhibit the migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells, and promote osteogenesis and proliferation of HS-5 cells, in the co-culture system. We also found that the BMP9-induced inhibition of migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells may be caused by a decreased RANK ligand (RANKL) secretion by HS-5 cells, leading to a block in the AKT signaling pathway. From our data we conclude that BMP9 inhibits the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells, and promotes the osteoblastic differentiation and proliferation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells by regulating cross-talk between these two types of cells through the RANK/RANKL signaling axis.