Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Surface hydroxyl groups direct cellular response on amorphous and anatase TiO2 nanodots.

PMID 25213179


In this study, we investigated the differences between amorphous and anatase TiO2 at the biomolecular level which could explain differences in the osteoblast response on these surfaces. The number of surface hydroxyl groups in the TiOHT form on amorphous and anatase TiO2 was found to be the most important factor, resulting in adsorption of bovine serum albumin as a monolayer on amorphous TiO2 nanodots but as a multilayer on anatase TiO2 nanodots. The reason for this is that the presence of more TiOHT groups on amorphous TiO2 nanodots attracts more -NH3+ groups on BSA molecules, causing the conformation of surface-bound BSA molecules to differ from those adsorbed on anatase TiO2 nanodots. Fibronectin which is subsequently adsorbed on anatase TiO2 nanodots then retains a more active conformation for osteoblast adhesion and mineralization.