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Selectins and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary hypertension.


PMID 25218335

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression profiles of the relevant selectins and PDGF in schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary hypertension. Patients with three distinct clinical profiles were enrolled in the study: IPAH(n = 11), schistosomiasis-associated PH (Sch-PH))(n = 13), and schistosomiasis without PH (Sch) (n = 13). Healthy volunteers, were recruited as a control group(n = 13). Echocardiography was performed in all groups, and the PH patients underwent right heart catheterization. Plasma soluble adhesion molecules E- and P-Selectin, PDGF-AB, PDGF-BB were determined by ELISA. E-selectin was significantly increased in the IPAH group compared with the other groups [the control, Sch + PH and Sch groups) (p < 0.001) (Fig. 2)]. P-selectin was lower in Sch (20.2 + 8.9 × 103 pg/mL) as compared to the control, (43 16.8 × 103 pg/mL), IPAH (35.8 7.8 × 103 pg/mL), and Sch + PH (36.8 ± 15.7 × 103 pg/mL) (p = 0.005) groups. Serum PDGF-BB levels were higher in the control group (8.9 ± 4.8 × 103 pg/mL) compared with the IPAH (3.7 ± 2.17 × 103 pg/mL), Sch + PH (5.2 ± 3.7 × 103 pg/mL) and Sch (2.4 ± 1.7 × 103 pg/mL) groups (p < 0.05). PDGF-AB levels were also higher in the control group (25.6 ± 8.6 × 103 pg/mL), compared with the other three groups, being the Sch group the one with lower serum levels of this marker (11.4 ± 8.6 × 103 pg/mL) (p = 0.006). In conclusion, vascular inflammation in schistosomiasis, with or without PH, is different from IPAH suggesting distinct pathophysiological mechanisms associated with the development of pulmonary hypertension.