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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Inhibition of JNK2 and JNK3 by JNK inhibitor IX induces prometaphase arrest-dependent apoptotic cell death in human Jurkat T cells.


PMID 25218503

Abstract

Exposure of human Jurkat T cells to JNK inhibitor IX (JNKi), targeting JNK2 and JNK3, caused apoptotic DNA fragmentation along with G2/M arrest, phosphorylation of Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Bim, Δψm loss, and activation of Bak and caspase cascade. These JNKi-induced apoptotic events were abrogated by Bcl-2 overexpression, whereas G2/M arrest, cyclin B1 up-regulation, Cdk1 activation, and phosphorylation of Bcl-2 family proteins were sustained. In the concomitant presence of the G1/S blocking agent aphidicolin and JNKi, the cells underwent G1/S arrest and failed to induce all apoptotic events. The JNKi-induced phosphorylation of Bcl-2 family proteins and mitochondrial apoptotic events were suppressed by the Cdk1 inhibitor. Immunofluorescence microscopic analysis revealed that mitotic spindle defect and prometaphase arrest were the underlying factors for the G2/M arrest. These results demonstrate that JNKi-induced mitochondrial apoptosis was caused by microtubule damage-mediated prometaphase arrest, prolonged Cdk1 activation, and phosphorylation of Bcl-2 family proteins in Jurkat T cells.

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