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Biophysical journal

Cell surface topography is a regulator of molecular interactions during chemokine-induced neutrophil spreading.


PMID 25229138

Abstract

Adhesive interactions between neutrophils and endothelium involve chemokine-induced neutrophil spreading and subsequent crawling on the endothelium to sites of transmigration. We investigated the importance of cell topography in this process using immunofluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, and live-cell imaging using total internal reflectance microscopy to observe redistribution of key membrane proteins, both laterally and relative to surface topography, during neutrophil spreading onto glass coated with interleukin 8. During formation of the lamellipod, L-selectin is distributed on microvilli tips along the top of the lamellipodium, whereas the interleukin 8 receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 and the integrin LFA-1 (αLβ2) were present at the interface between the lamellipodium and the substrate. Total internal reflection fluorescence imaging indicated that LFA-1 and both chemokine receptors redistributed into closer contact with the substrate as the cells spread onto the surface and remodeled their topography. A geometric model of the surface remodeling with nonuniform distribution of molecules and a realistic distribution of microvilli heights was matched to the data, and the fits indicated a 1000-fold increase in the concentration of chemokine receptors and integrins available for bond formation at the interface. These observations imply that topographical remodeling is a key mechanism for regulating cell adhesion and surface-induced activation of cells.

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