EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

FEBS letters

Identification of a novel type of polyunsaturated fatty acid synthase involved in arachidonic acid biosynthesis.


PMID 25263707

Abstract

Arachidonic acid (ARA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and an essential component of membrane lipids. However, the PUFA synthase required for ARA biosynthesis has not been identified in any organism. To identify the PUFA synthase producing ARA, we determined the draft genome sequence of the marine bacterium Aureispira marina, which produces a high level of ARA, and found a gene cluster encoding a putative PUFA synthase for ARA production. Expression of the gene cluster in Escherichia coli induced production of ARA, demonstrating that the gene cluster encodes a PUFA synthase required for ARA biosynthesis.