EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Biochemical and biophysical research communications

miRNA-302 facilitates reprogramming of human adult hepatocytes into pancreatic islets-like cells in combination with a chemical defined media.


PMID 25268319

Abstract

The direct conversion of one cell type to another without an intermediate pluripotent stage is required for regenerative therapies. The ventral pancreas and liver share a common developmental origin. Recent studies have shown that hepatocytes could be induced to transdifferentiate into insulin-producing cells. In this paper, we showed a new strategy to achieve the direct conversion of human hepatocytes into surrogate β cells. Hepatocytes were transfected with microRNA-302 (miR-302) mimic and Pdx1, Ngn3 and MafA expressed plasmids, followed by a chemical-defined culture system for maturation of insulin-secreting cells. Co-transfection of miR-302 mimic increased the transcription of pancreatic development-related genes (Sox17, Foxa2, and endogenous Pdx1). Furthermore, at the end of this treatment, hepatocytes became insulin expressed cells that released the hormone in response to a physiological glucose change in vitro. This work shows that miR-302 participation may facilitates the conversion of adult hepatocytes into pancreatic islets-like cells.