Life sciences

The effect of TSPP-mediated photodynamic therapy and Parecoxib in experimental tumours.

PMID 25283081


The study investigated the effects of the combined treatment Parecoxib (Pcox) and 5,10,15,20-tetra-sulphonato-phenyl-porphyrin(TSPP)-mediated photodynamic therapy on Walker 256 carcinosarcoma. Five groups of male Wistar rats were used: the control group, treated with TSPP, group 2, irradiated 24 h thereafter, group 3, treated with Pcox and irradiated 24 h thereafter, groups 4 and 5 treated with combined therapies, TSPP and Pcox before irradiation, and Pcox 24 h after TSPP and irradiation respectively. Tumour inflammation, growth and non-growth factors, apoptosis/necrosis rate and oxidative/nitrosative stress markers were investigated. Malondialdehyde levels and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression increased significantly in the group treated with Pcox after TSPP-PDT when compared with TSPP + IR group (p < 0.05, p < 0.001 respectively), in correlation with a decrease in glutathione levels (p < 0.05). The quantification of apoptosis, based on the TUNEL-assay, and necrosis rate revealed an increase of apoptotic/necrotic index in the same group (p < 0.05). On the other hand, Pcox administered before irradiation showed a significant increase in both vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and COX-2 levels (p < 0.05) and in nitric oxide production (p < 0.01), when compared with the control group. The administration of Pcox after TSPP-mediated PDT showed promising antitumoural effects, leading to an increase in oxidative and nitrosative stress as well as apoptosis/necrosis rate in tumour tissue. These results show that combined regimens that involve selective COX-2 inhibitors administration after irradiation may improve the therapeutic effectiveness of PDT.