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FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Adipose-derived protein omentin prevents neointimal formation after arterial injury.


PMID 25300621

Abstract

Obesity is highly linked with the development of vascular diseases. Omentin is a circulating adipokine that is downregulated in patients with cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we investigated the role of omentin in regulation of vascular remodeling in response to injury. Wild-type (WT) mice were treated intravenously with adenoviral vectors encoding human omentin (Ad-OMT) or control β-gal and subjected to arterial wire injury. Ad-OMT treatment reduced the neointimal thickening and the frequencies of bromodeoxyuridine-positive proliferating cells in injured arteries. Treatment of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with human omentin protein at a physiologic concentration led to suppression of growth and ERK phosphorylation after stimulation with various growth factors. Omentin stimulated AMPK signaling in VSMCs, and blockade of AMPK reversed omentin-mediated inhibition of VSMC growth and ERK phosphorylation. Furthermore, fat-specific human omentin transgenic (OMT-TG) mice exhibited reduced neointimal thickening and vascular cell growth following vascular injury. AMPK activation was enhanced in injured arteries in OMT-TG mice, and administration of AMPK inhibitor reversed the reduction of neointimal hyperplasia in OMT-TG mice. These data indicate that omentin attenuates neointimal formation after arterial injury and suppresses VSMC growth through AMPK-dependent mechanisms. Thus, omentin can represent a novel target molecule for the prevention of vascular disorders.

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