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Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)

Relative abundance of fetuin- A in peritoneal dialysis effluent and its association with in situ formation of calciprotein particles: an observational pilot study.


PMID 25307355

Abstract

In patients with renal failure or chronic inflammation, the accumulation of fetuin-A-containing calciprotein particles (CPP) in the extracellular fluid has been implicated in driving inflammatory pathways and extraosseous mineral deposition. We aimed to discover whether CPP are present in the peritoneal dialysis fluid effluent (PDF) of stable peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and if so, how these particles might be formed. Serum and PDF were sampled from 20 stable PD patients. CPP were quantified by the reduction in fetuin-A concentration after high speed centrifugation. 8-iso-PGF2α in PDF was measured as a marker of oxidative stress. Fetuin-A and phosphate were added to commercially available dialysis fluids to assess their ability to support CPP formation ex vivo. We report that the major protein component of these mineral-containing nanoparticles, fetuin-A, is relatively abundant in PDF and that CPP were present in the PDF of 17/20 PD patients. PDF CPP levels were strongly correlated with 8-iso-PGF2α concentrations. In vitro experiments suggested that commonly used peritoneal dialysate fluids, irrespective of composition, could not sustain appreciable de novo CPP formation ex vivo. Fetuin-A is either actively transported or locally produced by the peritoneal membrane in PD patients. The association between fetuin-A-containing CPP and markers of oxidative stress warrants further mechanistic studies.

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