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Molecular cancer therapeutics

miR-185 suppresses tumor proliferation by directly targeting E2F6 and DNMT1 and indirectly upregulating BRCA1 in triple-negative breast cancer.


PMID 25319390

Abstract

Breast cancer is a major public health problem all over the world, and the current treatment strategies are not potent enough for some patients, especially those with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNA) play vital roles in the development of TNBC. In this study, we found that miR-185 was strongly downregulated in TNBC tissues and cell lines and that its expression levels were associated with lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, overall survival, and relapse-free survival in TNBC. We also found that ectopic expression of miR-185 inhibited TNBC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. We further identified that miR-185 directly targeted DNMT1 and E2F6, which resulted in a marked increase in the expression of BRCA1 at the mRNA and protein levels in TNBC. Our data suggest that miR-185 functions as a tumor suppressor in TNBC development. It is a promising prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for TNBC.