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Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico

Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor is a proliferation and survival factor for pancreatic cancer cells.


PMID 25319722

Abstract

A variety of inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to participate in tumorigenesis and progression. Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) has been demonstrated to show a broad-spectrum of anti-inflammatory effects. This study investigates the expression of SLPI in human pancreatic cancer tissues and cells as well as its biological effects in human pancreatic cancer cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot were used to detect SLPI mRNA and protein levels in human pancreatic cancer tissues, adjacent tissues, and pancreatic cancer Bxpc-3 and Panc-1 cells. Knockout of SLPI expression was established by recombinant viral vector expressing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting SLPI. Cell viability was analyzed by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by Hochest33258 staining and flow cytometry assay. Higher SLPI expression was observed in pancreatic tissues, Bxpc-3 cells, and Panc-1 cells compared to the peritumoral tissues (p < 0.01). SLPI expression in Bxpc-3 and Panc-1 cells was effectively silenced by shRNA (p < 0.001). Silencing of SLPI expression significantly reduced cell viability, inhibited cell proliferation, and induced cell apoptosis (p < 0.001). Abnormal over-expression of SLPI in pancreatic cancer cells may be associated with the development of disease through its roles in promoting cancer cell survival and proliferation as well as anti-apoptosis. SLPI can be used as a target for developing targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.