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International journal of molecular sciences

Biocompatible PEGylated Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles as photothermal agents for near-infrared light modulated cancer therapy.


PMID 25329618

Abstract

In accordance with the World Cancer Report, cancer has become the leading cause of mortality worldwide, and various therapeutic strategies have been developed at the same time. In the present study, biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles were designed and synthesized as high-performance photothermal agents for near-infrared light mediated cancer therapy in vitro. Via a facile one-pot solvothermal method, well-defined PEGylated magnetic nanoparticles (PEG-Fe3O4) were prepared with cheap inhesion as a first step. Due to the successful coating of PEG molecules on the surface of PEG-Fe3O4, these nanoparticles exhibited excellent dispersibility and dissolvability in physiological condition. Cytotoxicity based on MTT assays indicated these nanoparticles revealed high biocompatibility and low toxicity towards both Hela cells and C6 cells. After near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, the viabilities of C6 cells were effectively suppressed when incubated with the NIR laser activated PEG-Fe3O4. In addition, detailed photothermal anti-cancer efficacy was evaluated via visual microscope images, demonstrating that our PEG-Fe3O4 were promising for photothermal therapy of cancer cells.