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The Journal of reproductive medicine

Progesterone reduces neurofilament (NF)--positive nerve fibers in eutopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis and myomata.


PMID 25330691

Abstract

To evaluate whether there are neurofilament (NF)-positive nerve fibers in the eutopic endometrium of patients with myoma and endometriosis by using stromal cell culture and to verify whether progesterone has an effect on the NF-positive nerve fiber by using stromal cell culture. Patients with uterine myoma (N = 11), ovarian and pelvic endometriosis (N = 10), and without myoma and endometriosis (N = 10) were included in the study. Human endometrial tissues were obtained from hysterectomy and curettage. The stromal cells were cultured and immunostaining was performed before and after treatment with progesterone by using NF. Before progesterone treatment the percentage of NF-positive nerve fibers between the uterine myoma group (4.91 +/- 2.05) and the endometriosis group (2.22 +/- 0.92) was statistically significant, and there was a significantly different percentage of NF-positive nerve fibers between the uterine myoma group (4.91 +/- 2.05) and the levonorgestrel intrauterine device-inserted group (1.50 +/- 0.25). After progesterone treatment the percentage of NF-positive nerve fibers was significantly decreased in the uterine myoma (2.09 +/- 1.73) and the endometriosis (1.48 +/- 0.80) groups. We showed that the NF-positive nerve fibers were reduced after progesterone treatment by using stromal cell culture and suggest that progesterone could have a role in the decrease of endometriosis/myoma-associated pain.