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Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP

Sensitization of cervical carcinoma cells to paclitaxel by an IPP5 active mutant.


PMID 25339026

Abstract

Paclitaxel is one of the best anticancer agents that has been isolated from plants, but its major disadvantage is its dose-limiting toxicity. In this study, we obtained evidence that the active mutant IPP5 (8-60hIPP5m), the latest member of the inhibitory molecules for protein phosphatase 1, sensitizes human cervix carcinoma cells HeLa more efficiently to the therapeutic effects of paclitaxel. The combination of 8-60hIPP5m with paclitaxel augmented anticancer effects as compared to paclitaxel alone as evidenced by reduced DNA synthesis and increased cytotoxicity in HeLa cells. Furthermore, our results revealed that 8-60hIPP5m enhances paclitaxel- induced G2/M arrest and apoptosis, and augments paclitaxel-induced activation of caspases and release of cytochrome C. Evaluation of signaling pathways indicated that this synergism was in part related to down- regulation of NF-?B activation and serine/threonine kinase Akt pathways. We noted that 8-60hIPP5m down- regulated the paclitaxel-induced NF-?B activation, I?Bα degradation, PI3-K activity and phosphorylation of the serine/threonine kinase Akt, a survival signal which in many instances is regulated by NF-?B. Together, our observations indicate that paclitaxel in combination with 8-60hIPP5m may provide a therapeutic advantage for the treatment of human cervical carcinoma.