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International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology

Caldicellulosiruptor changbaiensis sp. nov., a cellulolytic and hydrogen-producing bacterium from a hot spring.


PMID 25342112

Abstract

A novel thermophilic bacterial strain, CBS-Z(T), was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in the Changbai Mountains, PR China. Cells of strain CBS-Z(T) were short straight rods without flagella and had Gram-positive cell walls. Growth was observed at 40-90 °C (optimum 75 °C) and at pH 5.6-8.6 (optimum pH 7.8). The primary end-products from the fermentation of filter paper by strain CBS-Z(T) were acetate, lactate, H2, and CO2. The main cellular fatty acids were iso-C17:0, iso-C14:0 3-OH and C16:0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 36.08 mol%. Multiple sequence alignment of the 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analyses indicated that strain CBS-Z(T) belongs to the genus Caldicellulosiruptor and the most similar micro-organism was Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus DSM 8903(T) (96.36% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity); the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of strain CBS-Z(T) to other species was below 95%. Based on its phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain CBS-Z(T) represents a novel species of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor, for which the name Caldicellulosiruptor changbaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CBS-Z(T) ( =DSM 26941(T) =CGMCC 1.5180(T)).

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