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Blood

Activation of lymphoma-associated MyD88 mutations via allostery-induced TIR-domain oligomerization.


PMID 25359991

Abstract

Myeloid differentiation 88 (MyD88) is the key signaling adapter of Toll-like and interleukin-1 receptors. Recurrent lymphoma-associated mutations, particularly Leu265Pro (L265P), within the MyD88 Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain sustain lymphoma cell survival due to constitutive nuclear factor κB signaling. We found that mutated TIR domains displayed an intrinsic propensity for augmented oligomerization and spontaneous formation of cytosolic Myddosome aggregates in lymphoma cell lines, mimicking the effect of dimerized TIR domains. Blocking of MyD88 oligomerization induced apoptosis. The L265P TIR domain can recruit the endogenous wild-type MyD88 for oligomer formation and hyperactivity. Molecular dynamics simulations and analysis of additional mutations suggest that constitutive activity is caused by allosteric oligomerization.