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Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)

Biomimetic synthesis of the calcineurin phosphatase inhibitor dibefurin.


PMID 25369982

Abstract

Dibefurin is a Ci -symmetric natural product that acts as an inhibitor of calcineurin phosphatase. A six-step synthesis of this compound is reported, which features an oxidative dimerization of the aromatic polyketide epicoccine as the key step. Dibefurin is proposed to be related to epicolactone, a complex yet racemic fungal metabolite that has recently been discovered. Attempts to access epicolactone from epicoccine and epicoccone B resulted in an unusual dimer that is formed through a hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of a para-quinone methide with an ortho-quinone.