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Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Ara h 2 and Ara h 6 sensitization predicts peanut allergy in Mediterranean pediatric patients.


PMID 25376086

Abstract

Peanut allergy (PA) management was improved by the introduction of molecular allergology, but guidelines for Mediterranean patients are lacking. We aimed at evaluating peanut component-resolved diagnosis as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in children from Southern France. In 181 pediatric patients, PA diagnosis was founded on medical history, skin prick testing, serum-specific IgE to Arachis hypogea extract and components, Pru p 4, and plant carbohydrates, and oral food challenge. Allergen microarray was also performed in 68 of these patients. In peanut-allergic children (n = 117), IgE to Ara h 6 were most prevalent (64%), followed by Ara h 2 (63%), Ara h 1 (60%), and Ara h 9 (52%). Ara h 6 was the best predictor of PA. The second best predictor was the ratio of Ara h 2 IgE to peanut IgE (cutoff 0.113). Persistent childhood PA was associated with complex molecular profiles. Comparison of singleplex and microarray results showed poor concordance for Ara h 2 and Ara h 9. Ara h 6 and Ara h 2 are the best predictors of PA at diagnosis in Mediterranean pediatric patients. Ara h 1, Ara h 8, and molecular complexity are associated with PA persistence.

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