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Pathology oncology research : POR

Expression of certain leukemia/lymphoma related microRNAs and its correlation with prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


PMID 25388103

Abstract

In spite of the improved efficacy of therapy, it still fails in 15-20 % of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. Recently, altered expression of certain miRNAs (miRs) have been described in ALL with potential effect on prognosis. Presence of certain miRs (miRNA-16, -21, -24, -29b, -128b, -142-3p, -155, -223) was characterized in human lymphoma and leukemia cells by real-time PCR. Expression of miRs in pediatric ALL patients (n = 24) was measured before chemotherapy, at conventional response checkpoints and at relapse. Correlation between altered miR expression and response to prednisolone at day 8 of therapy and long term prognosis was statistically analysed. Overexpression of "oncomiR/inflammamiR"-21 - which is characteristic in different tumors-was missing in human ALL cells. However, higher expression of miR-128b and lower expression of miR-223 is generally characteristic for human ALL cell lines and ALL cells isolated from pediatric patients. Correlation was shown between miR-128b expression and prognosis, prednisolone response and survival data in childhood ALL. Expression of miR-128b and miR-223-both are leukemia specific-changed in parallel with percentage of bone marrow blasts in remission and during relapse. Therefore, we suggest that overexpression of miR-128b and downregulation of miR-223 shows a significant correlation with treatment response and prognosis in childhood ALL.