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Biology of reproduction

Characterization of endometrial receptors for ovine trophoblast protein-1 during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in sheep.


PMID 2541817

Abstract

Scatchard analysis was used to determine the distribution, number, and affinity of unoccupied receptors for ovine trophoblast protein-1 (oTP-1) in endometrium of sheep throughout the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. In Experiment I, oTP-1 receptor characteristics were determined in membrane preparations of caruncular and intercaruncular regions of endometrium collected from uterine horns ipsilateral and contralateral to the ovary bearing the corpus luteum. Receptor concentrations and affinity constants for oTP-1 were not different (p greater than 0.1) between the four endometrial regions examined, suggesting that the expression of receptors for oTP-1 occurs uniformly throughout the endometrium. Endometrial receptor characteristics for oTP-1, luteal wet weights, and progesterone contents were determined throughout the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in Experiment II. Concentration of receptors and affinity constants for oTP-1 varied throughout the estrous cycle and early pregnancy (p less than 0.01), with the pattern of change differing between cyclic and pregnant ewes (p less than 0.01). Numbers of receptors for oTP-1 were maximal on Day 4 of the estrous cycle and declined progressively to Day 12 (p less than 0.05) in both cyclic and pregnant ewes. After Day 12, the quantity of unoccupied receptors for oTP-1 increased (p less than 0.05) gradually to Day 16 in cyclic ewes, but declined (p less than 0.05) further in the endometrium of pregnant ewes. The affinity constants of endometrial receptors for oTP-1 were similar in cyclic and pregnant ewes prior to Day 12, increasing threefold from Days 4 to 12 (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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