International immunopharmacology

Fibroblasts feeder niche and Flt3 Ligand as a novel inducer of plasmacytoid dendritic cells development in vitro.

PMID 25445955


Plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC), plays central role in antiviral immunity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Flt3 ligand (FL) alone or with L929 fibroblast feeder or L929 conditioned media on differentiation of mouse bone marrow (BM) cells into pDC in vitro. Murine BM cells were cultured with FL or with L929 or conditioned media for 9days. The differentiated cells were analyzed using flow cytometry for PDCA-1, B220 and CXCR4. The relative expression of Stat3, CXCR4, CXCR7, IFN-β, TGF-β and Runx2 in differentiated cells determined by real time PCR. The development of pDC showed up to 19% increase after co-culture of BM cells with fibroblast feeder. Upregulation of Stat3, Runx2 and CXCR4 due to the presence of fibroblast feeder with FL in culture results in improved pDC development. Furthermore, 30% L929 supernatant along with Flt3 ligand was able to derive pDC up to 8.9% in comparison with FL alone, which was 6.6% in vitro. Thus, for the first time we introduced L929 fibroblast feeder as a niche producer of M-CSF and probably other growth factors and chemokines, which promotes the development of pDC in vitro along with FL, similar to in vivo niche.