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The Journal of urology

Long-term caloric restriction in rats may prevent age related impairment of in vitro bladder function.


PMID 25451828

Abstract

Bladder function is often impaired with aging. In other organs caloric restriction has had a prophylactic effect on the biological changes associated with aging. We tested the hypothesis that long-term caloric restriction can prevent age related impaired bladder function in the rat. Fisher 344 male rats were divided into 3 groups, including 16 young rats at age 6 months with free access to normal food, 15 old rats at age 25 to 28 months with free access to normal food and 16 old rats at age 25 to 28 months fed with normal food 3 days per week since age 6 weeks (caloric restriction). We performed frequency volume measurements, in vitro organ bath functional studies using full-thickness longitudinal detrusor strips, evaluation of muscarinic and purinergic receptor mRNA expression, and histological examination with Masson trichrome staining of bladder tissue. Frequency volume changes did not significantly differ among the 3 groups. The old group fed normal food showed weaker contractile responses to carbachol and electrical field stimulation (especially in the cholinergic component), lower M3 receptor mRNA expression and higher collagen deposition compared to the young group. These age related bladder changes were milder in the old group with caloric restriction than in the old group fed normal food. This study suggests that in the rat long-term caloric restriction has a preventive effect against age related functional and morphological bladder changes. These changes include impaired detrusor contractility that may be related to decreased expression of M3 receptors and to bladder wall fibrosis.

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