The American journal of cardiology

Predictors of natriuretic peptide non-response in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure.

PMID 25456879


Increasing natriuretic peptide (NP) levels are associated with worse heart failure (HF) outcomes. Predictors of NP nonresponse have not been studied. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of nondecreasing NP levels during episodes of acute HF. A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients prospectively included in a registry of acute HF, with the primary diagnosis of acute HF. The objective under analysis was B-type NP (BNP) response, defined as a >30% decrease in BNP during hospitalization. Percentage of BNP variation was calculated as: % BNP variationxa0= [(admission BNPxa0- discharge BNP)/admission BNP]xa0× 100. A logistic regression analysis was performed to study potential predictors of NP nonresponse. A multivariate model was built. A total of 496 patients were studied: 28.2% were considered nonresponders to the implemented HF treatment strategy. Identified predictors of nonresponse were older age, chronic HF, lower admission systolic blood pressure, anemia, renal dysfunction, and lower sodium on admission, as well as lower admission albumin and lower admission total cholesterol. Admission BNP was not a predictor of response. The only identified independent predictor of nonresponse was a low admission total cholesterol level (cutoff 125xa0mg/dl), with an odds ratio of 2.55 (95% confidence interval 1.59 to 4.11). This remained valid when the analysis was stratified according to admission BNP (cutoff 2,000xa0pg/ml) and according to statin use. In conclusion, a low admission total cholesterol level was a strong and independent predictor of BNP nonresponse in patients admitted with acute HF. The ability of cholesterol to predict BNP nonresponse was validxa0forxa0patients with intrinsically low cholesterol and in those with statin-induced low cholesterol.