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Epilepsy research

Influence of WIN 55,212-2 on the anticonvulsant and acute neurotoxic potential of clobazam and lacosamide in the maximal electroshock-induced seizure model and chimney test in mice.


PMID 25458536

Abstract

The influence of WIN 55,212-2 mesylate (WIN) on the anticonvulsant activity and acute neurotoxic potential of clobazam (CLB) and lacosamide (LCM) was studied in the maximal electroshock-induced seizure (MES) model and chimney test in mice. indicate that WIN administered intraperitoneally, at doses of 2.5 and 5 mg/kg significantly enhanced the anticonvulsant action of CLB in the MES test by reducing its median effective dose (ED50) from 20.80 mg/kg to 12.05 mg/kg (P<0.05), and 8.22 mg/kg (P<0.001), respectively. In contrast, WIN (1.25 mg/kg) did not significantly potentiate the anticonvulsant activity of CLB against MES-induced seizures. Similarly, WIN at doses of 1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg had no significant impact on the anticonvulsant action of LCM in the MES test. On the other hand, WIN (5 mg/kg) had no impact on the acute neurotoxic effects of CLB and LCM in the chimney test and the median toxic doses (TD50) for CLB and LCM were almost unchanged. Thus, WIN (5 mg/kg) elevated the protective index values for CLB (from 1.41 to 3.07) and LCM (from 3.60 to 4.91). In conclusion, WIN potentiates suppression of tonic-clonic seizures produced by CLB in the mouse MES model, without affecting acute neurotoxic adverse effects of CLB in the chimney test in mice, which is favorable from a preclinical point of view.

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