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International journal of cardiology

Early diastolic dyssynchrony in relation to left ventricular remodeling and function in hypertension.


PMID 25464444

Abstract

Cardiac synchronization is important in maintaining myocardial performance, but the mechanism of diastolic dyssynchrony leading to failing myocardium is unclear. We aim to study the relation of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dyssynchrony with diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. Two-D, three-D and Doppler echocardiography were performed using the GE Vivid E9 system on 230 subjects. Among them, 154 patients with hypertension were divided into group 1 (86 patients with mild to moderate hypertension, BP 152 ± 8/91 ± 11 mm Hg) and group 2 (68 patients with severe hypertension, BP 188 ± 12/105 ± 24 mm Hg), age 76, gender matched normotensive subjects (119 ± 6/76 ± 9 mm Hg) as control. The routine 2D and Doppler parameters were measured and LV systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony indices were determined as the standard deviation of the time interval from the peak R of the QRS complex to peak myocardial systolic strain rate (Ts-SD), and to early diastolic strain rate (Te-SD) of 12 LV segments. LV relative wall thickness, mass index, and Te-SD were significantly higher in patients with hypertension than in control group (p<0.0001), but Ts-SD showed no significant differences. Te-SD and diastolic dysfunction worsened progressively with increasing severity of hypertension (p<0.05). Te-SD was significantly and independently associated with parameters of LV remodeling and diastolic function. Our study demonstrated that LV diastolic dyssynchrony was associated with LV remodeling, which seems to contribute to diastolic dysfunction in hypertension. This diastolic dyssynchrony index derived from speckle tracking echocardiography can be used as a marker for studying the LV function and effects of therapy in hypertensive heart disease.