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American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology

Relaxant effect of superimposed length oscillation on sensitized airway smooth muscle.


PMID 25480332

Abstract

Asthma is associated with reductions in the airway lumen and breathing difficulties that are attributed to airway smooth muscles (ASM) hyperconstriction. Pharmaceutical bronchodilators such as salbutamol and isoproterenol are normally used to alleviate this constriction. Deep inspirations and tidal oscillations (TO) have also been reported to relax ASM in healthy airways with less response in asthmatics. Little information is available on the effect of other forms of oscillation on asthmatic airways. This study investigates the effect of length oscillations (LO), with amplitude 1 and 1.5% in the frequency range 5-20 Hz superimposed on breathing equivalent LO, on contracted ASM dissected from sensitized mice. These mice are believed to show some symptoms such as airway hyperreactivity similar to those associated with asthma in humans. In the frequency range used in this work, this study shows an increase in ASM relaxation of an average of 10% for 1.5% amplitude when compared with TO, ISO, or the combination of both. No similar finding is observed with 1% amplitude. This suggests that superimposed length oscillation acting over the interaction of myosin and actin during contraction may lead to temporal rearrangement and disturbance of the cross-bridge process in asthmatic airways.