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Journal of human genetics

Downregulation of the microRNA-1/133a cluster enhances cancer cell migration and invasion in lung-squamous cell carcinoma via regulation of Coronin1C.


PMID 25518741

Abstract

Lung cancer is clearly the primary cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Recent molecular-targeted strategy has contributed to improvement of the curative effect of adenocarcinoma of the lung. However, such current treatment has not been developed for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the disease. The new genome-wide RNA analysis of lung-SCC may provide new avenues for research and the development of the disease. Our recent microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of lung-SCC revealed that clustered miRNAs miR-1/133a were significantly reduced in cancer tissues. Here, we found that restoration of both mature miR-1 and miR-133a significantly inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Coronin-1C (CORO1C) was a common target gene of the miR-1/133a cluster, as shown by the genome-wide gene expression analysis and the luciferase reporter assay. Silencing of CORO1C gene expression inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, CORO1C-regulated molecular pathways were categorized by using si-CORO1C transfectants. Further analysis of novel cancer signaling pathways modulated by the tumor-suppressive cluster miR-1/133a will provide insights into the molecular mechanisms of lung-SCC oncogenesis and metastasis.